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Germany is not just one of the most highly developed European states, it is also an amazing country with a thousand-year history, where great artists lived and worked. This is a country of majestic nature and healing climate, which is why health tourism is so widespread here. Germany annually attracts millions of tourists from all over the world with its magnificent landscapes, historical sights and incomparably delicious national cuisine. Don't know what to see in Germany? Especially for you, we have compiled a rating, which included the most interesting sights in Germany. Every traveler will find something interesting in this country. Whether it's chamber concert halls or the most fashionable nightclubs, galleries of national art or car museums, noisy beer bars or old wine cellars.
First things to see in Germany
Only by going on excursions in Germany, you will understand how diverse and unique this country is, where each city has its own traditions, but at the same time an atmosphere of universal unity reigns. All the sights on the list deserve to be seen – make your choice and your trip will be great!
1. Cologne Cathedral (Cologne)
A masterpiece of world architecture Cologne Cathedral
Hero's crucifixion in Cologne Cathedral Elya
At the highest point of the Cathedral Hill in Cologne, there is a true masterpiece of Gothic architecture – Cologne Cathedral. It is officially referred to as the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Mary.
The appearance of this cathedral alone causes genuine admiration. The architecture of the majestic building seems to be woven from a lace of stone towers, columns and pilasters, united in a single architectural composition. And the general shape of the building, when viewed from above, is made in the form of a Latin cross.
Cologne Cathedral became the most important landmark of Germany not only due to its appearance, but also due to its rich history.
Already in the first century AD, a temple dedicated to the Roman gods was erected on the site of the cathedral. And from the 4th century, Christian churches began to be built on this territory, which were inevitably destroyed by the flames of fires. And in the middle of the 13th century, after the relics of the three wise men were transferred to the Cologne archbishop, it was decided to build a temple. And in 1248 the foundation stone of the Cologne Cathedral was laid. The construction of the cathedral dragged on for centuries – by 1560 only its foundation had been laid. They returned to further construction only in 1824, when, according to the drawings found in the archives, the high towers and facades of the building were completed. The completion of construction was solemnly celebrated in 1880.
Today, the Cologne Cathedral fascinates not only with its facades, but also with its interior decoration. The main hall is decorated with various figures of saints, carved columns, walls and floor are decorated with mosaics and gilding. Sacred awe is caused by an oak cross, with reliable accuracy reproducing the crucifixion of Christ. In a word, here every corner is saturated with its history, the atmosphere of the Middle Ages is felt, especially during organ music concerts.
Official website: https://www.koelner-dom.de
2. Neuschwanstein Castle (Bavarian Alps)
Neuschwanstein Castle of the Bavarian King Ludwig II
At the first glance at the facade of Neuschwanstein Castle from afar, there is a stable association of this amazingly beautiful building with a toy. So improbable seems this beauty of neat ivory-colored turrets topped with pointed emerald domes. An incredibly beautiful natural background in the form of alpine slopes immersed in the greenery of forests gives even more fabulousness. Neuschwanstein Castle can be safely included in the ranking of the most beautiful places in the world!
This stunning landmark of Germany appeared on the initiative of the Bavarian king Ludwig II, who embodied his fantastic ideas and romantic ideas in the castle. The first stone was laid in the foundation of the future castle in 1869. The originally set 3-year construction period was postponed more than once: significant difficulties were created by the complexity of the project, the location of the site in the mountains, as well as the constant adjustments that the monarch himself made to the project.
As well as the facade of the castle, the interior decoration reflected the fantastic dreams of the monarch:
- the decoration of the halls of the fortress embodied various plots of German mythology, the walls and ceiling of the premises are crowned with numerous elements of painting; the king's bedroom in the neo-Gothic style, attracts with the beauty of carved decor and high relief; the prayer room, created in memory of Saint Louis, King of France, houses a folding altar, which is decorated with exquisite carvings; The design of the living room was based on the image of the swan-knight Lohengrin, so the swan theme can be clearly seen in the carved decoration of wooden elements and the gold embroidery of the curtains.
Official website: http://www.schloesser.bayern.de
Brandenburg Gate in Berlin
If you are wondering which landmark of Germany is the true symbol of the country, and what should be seen in Germany first of all, then you should definitely see the Brandenburg Gate. This is a truly legendary building, impressive in its size, architecture and symbolizing the most important milestones in the history of the country.
Thus, the Gates of the World, as they were originally called, were laid in 1789, and the works of ancient builders were taken as the ideological basis of the project .
In 1871, the year the German Empire was formed around the Kingdom of Prussia, victorious soldiers marched through the Brandenburg Gate;
in 1918 and 1920, troops of counter-revolutionary soldiers were already passing through the arch;
In 1945, the red flag of the Russian victors fluttered on the quadriga of the gate, and a portrait of Stalin was hoisted under it;
in 1961, the gate was closed and built into the Berlin Wall, which divided Germany into two states – capitalist and socialist;
in 1989, when the Berlin Wall collapsed, the gate opened again, and has since become a symbol of peace and national unity.
The gate is an almost complete copy of the Propylaea arch on the Parthenon. Their total height is 26 meters, the construction has 6 pillars and 5 corridors, the main of which is intended for the passage of ceremonial corteges.
4. Black Forest (Black Forest region)
Trail in the Black Forest
Triberg waterfall on the Gutach river in the Black Forest
In the south of the country, in the Black Forest region, there is a truly fabulous sight of Germany – the Black Forest, which evokes memories of characters from the famous fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm. The forest area is mostly made up of thick and tall spruces, hence the name of the forest – Black.
Streams ring in the shadow of a dense forest, rivers flow and whole waterfalls rustle. The sources of the Danube River, which flows through a number of European countries, originate in this forest. Deep lakes, huge old fir trees, moss-covered boulders – everything here seems to keep its own special fairy-tale secrets.
So, black forest waterfalls are considered the highest in the country, and whole streams of tourists flock to some of them.
Today, the black forest is still not as dense as it used to be: ski resorts are equipped here, recreation areas are equipped, and even a whole amusement park operates. The lakes of the Black Forest have crystal clear water, and numerous divers flock here for spearfishing – the deep lakes of Schluchsee and Titisee are especially popular. No less popular are motor boat trips along the mirror-like surface of the lake.
Locals, as well as visiting guests, often make mountain hikes here – such walks are worth it to decide on it. Climbing up the numerous beaten paths, you can fully enjoy the local landscapes, and at a certain height, an unusually picturesque view of the surroundings will open up.
5. Berlin Museum Island (Berlin)
Berlin Museum Island
In order to choose what to see in Germany, you don’t have to travel far – right in the middle of the European capital, on the small island of Spreeinsel, one of the most striking and impressive cultural heritage sites of the country is located – the so-called museum island, which is a whole museum complex, including five museums founded at different times.
The history of this complex dates back to 1797, when the idea arose to create a museum on the island of Spreeinsel for the exposition of antique collections and art objects of the Middle Ages.
The Old Museum – this museum was the first to initiate the creation of a museum complex on the island in 1830 year. The rarest collections of works of ancient Roman and ancient Greek art have found their place here.
The Bode Museum was built in the period 1897-1904. and includes collections of objects of Byzantine art and numismatic collections of coins issued from the 7th century BC to the present day.
The Pergamon Museum, first opened in 1930, includes the Near East Museum, the Museum of Islamic Art and the Antique Collection, and among the most valuable exhibits are the Pergamon Altar, the Babylonian Gate and the frieze from Mshatta.
The Old National Gallery – opened in 1876 year, keeps an extensive collection of paintings of the 19th century and presents works in the style of Classicism, Impressionism, Romanticism, Modernism, Biedermeier.
The Neues Museum – founded in 1855 and in fact, is a continuation of the collection of the Old Museum, which was so large that it required the opening of several more exhibition halls.
Check out the beautiful places in Germany in this wonderful video!
6. Berlin Wall (Berlin)
The rest of the Berlin Wall Ansgar Koreng
Every October, Germany celebrates the Day of German Unity, which consists in the reunification of the western and eastern parts of the state. In the minds of the inhabitants, the symbol of reunification was the cessation of the existence of the so-called Berlin Wall, which once divided not only the city, but also the state, and the entire people, and became a symbol of the Cold War.
How was the Berlin Wall formed? After the defeat of the Third Reich, the USSR and the Western Allies divided Berlin into occupation zones, and the Allied sectors united to form West Berlin. A conditional line arose between West and East Berlin, dividing the city in half. Its length was almost 45 km. Over time, this situation led to the fact that workers and cheap food began to flow to the “west” of the city. And with the adoption by the government of West Germany (FRG) of the Hallstein Doctrine, according to which the FRG could not have any relations with countries that recognized East Germany (GDR), the situation became extremely aggravated. In August 1961, 25,000 Eastern volunteers under police cover began building the wall. The work was completed only in 1975.
The period of Perestroika in the USSR put an end to the Cold War, when the governments of the socialist countries began to rapidly improve relations with their neighbors, opening their borders to citizens of East Germany, and those in turn actively rushed there. In East Germany, mass protests began, leading to the resignation of the government. In a few days, the fence was forgotten – it was demolished, painted and dismantled.
Today, as a reference to the Cold War, only the memorial complex remains – a section of the Berlin Wall 1300 meters long, which has become the most important sight of Germany and perpetuates the memory of the events of past years in the minds.
7. Zugspitze (German Alps, border between Germany and Austria)
Zugspitze peak in the German Alps
Tourists and a gilded cross at the highest point of the Zugspitze (2962 meters)
In the Bavarian Alps, at the junction of the borders of Germany and Austria, there is an interesting landmark of Germany and a unique place. This place is interesting in that it offers a view immediately on the territory of the four nearest states – Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Italy. This is the Zugspitze peak, whose height is 2.962 km. It will not be difficult for tourists to conquer this peak today, because railway tracks from the city of Garmisch-Partenkirchen are laid to it, and for extreme sports lovers there is also a cable car – however, it starts from Austria.
The nearest settlements to the peak serve tourist groups that come here from all over the world. Especially lovers of snowboarding and skiing rush here, because the conditions here are ideal for this – more than 300 days a year the snow does not melt on the ski slopes.
But people come here not only for active entertainment. The surroundings of the peak are simply striking in their impressive beauty – the surrounding forests, valleys, mountain lakes, all this creates an extraordinary beauty of the surrounding landscape. The forests here are predominantly pine, spruce, larch, fir and honeysuckle are slightly less common. And the local fauna is under the vigilant protection of the state – local national reserves are the habitat of the white hare, marten, marmot and chamois. Birds include golden eagles, alpine jackdaws and partridges.
8. Rügen Island (northern coast of Germany)
Rügen Island on the north coast of Germany
One of the resorts on the island of Rügen Haloorange
Probably, everyone is familiar with the tale of Tsar Saltan, when the imagination drew a story about the Swan Princess, ships sailing past Buyan Island … Do you know that this fabulous island actually exists, and that you can visit this place in Germany by going to the very north of the country? The real name of this island is Rügen, and it is located in the Baltic Sea, off the northern coast of Germany. The Slavs believed that this place was magical, because it was on the island of Buyan, according to legend, that Koshcheev’s death was hidden in a chest on an old oak tree, here, according to popular rumor, the treasured alatyr stone was kept – it was believed that the one who found this stone would come true all the most cherished dreams.
For several centuries, the island of Rügen has been especially popular. Famous personalities and powers that be were on this island at different times: Albert Einstein, Otto von Bismarck, the artist Caspar David, who immortalized the coastline of the island in his works.
The climate of the island is mild, although quite cool, but despite this, it is easily tolerated. In addition, the weather on the island is characterized by a large number of sunny days a year. That is why doctors recommend coming here for recovery, especially for allergy sufferers and people suffering from diseases of the joints and respiratory tract.
In addition to health improvement, everyone will find something to their liking here. Fans of outdoor activities will enjoy hiking and cycling along the marked routes. You can play golf, go horseback riding, beach sports. Water lovers can go windsurfing and sail along the coastline, which stretches for more than 600 kilometers. And anglers will find a great catch here.
Official website: https://www.ruegen.de
9. Reichstag (Berlin)
< /p> The majestic building of the German parliament Reichstag
What associations does the mention of the Reichstag evoke? The most bloody events, the Second World War, Adolf Hitler and the red flag flying over this building in 1945 as a sign of the victory of the Soviet Union over Nazi Germany. However, time does not stand still, and some associations are gradually crowding out others: today the Reichstag is increasingly presented as a symbol of modern and united Germany, a building with a rich and complex history.
This landmark of Germany is located in the very center of the German capital, on Paris Square. In 1884, the foundation stone of the building was laid, and construction continued for the next 10 years.
In 1933, the building was badly damaged by a fire that happened there. At that time, the former independent communist Marinus van der Lubbe was found guilty, but the Nazis blamed the communists for everything, and this was the reason for the communist coup. The governing body of the Reichstag was dissolved, and all meetings from that moment began to be held in the Krol-Opera. For 12 years from that moment, the Reichstag building was not used for its intended purpose, and in 1939 it began to serve as a military building.
In 1945, the building was badly damaged by Soviet troops, and in April of the same year, a scarlet banner of victory was hoisted over it.
After a partial restoration in 1973, the building began to be used as a historical museum, and only in 1995 was complete reconstruction, a glass dome and an observation deck were erected over the building.
Today, the Reichstag has become one of the most visited places in Germany – more than 13 million tourists from all over the world come here every year.
Official website: http://www.bundestag.de/en/visittheBundestag
10. Oktoberfest (Munich)
Panorama of the most popular Oktoberfest beer festival
Inside view of the beer tent at Oktoberfest
Every year in the second half of September, millions of people from Germany and from all over the world flock to Munich to take part in a grand celebration – Oktoberfest. This large-scale celebration begins on Theresa Meadow, in the very center of Munich, at 10 am, when the traditional costume procession begins. Exactly at noon, the mayor of the city uncorks the first barrel of beer, 12 cannon volleys are heard and the key action starts – the widespread pouring of beer for festival guests, which is made in special tents. It is there that the most colorful celebrations unfold, drinking various types of beer, interethnic fraternization and other delights of Oktoberfest.
To understand what Oktoberfest is, it is not enough to read about it or see a photo of this German landmark, you must see it with your own eyes and experience it for yourself – walk through impromptu streets, feel the atmosphere of the holiday, hear the multinational speech of visitors.
The festival also has a whole amusement park with a wide variety of attractions – swings, roller coasters, bungee rides and a Ferris wheel. For visitors with children, there are even special days when special children's menus are introduced in the cafe, and discounts apply to all attractions.
The popularity of Oktoberfest has long crossed national boundaries. Every year, festivities on the occasion of this holiday gather about 6 million visitors. Therefore, it is worth coming and visiting this festival at least once to understand that this popularity is quite justified.
Official website: http://www.oktoberfest.de/en/
Germany attractions: what else to visit while in Germany
It is impossible to perceive this country without visiting different parts, so we bring to your attention places that will perfectly fit into your excursion program. By the way, guides in Germany always follow the wishes of travelers and make up a route that includes those sights that they most want to see.
11. Royal Lake Königssee
Royal Lake Königssee
If the question arises of what to see in Germany from natural attractions, then perhaps the first thing to see is the extraordinary beauty of Lake Königssee, located in the southeastern part of the country. No wonder the lake is one of the most beautiful natural sites in Germany. It is formed from meltwater as a result of the melting of glaciers that covered our planet during the last ice age, thanks to which it is also the cleanest lake in Europe. The area on which the lake is located belongs to the Berchtesgaden National Park.
The amazing beauty of the surrounding nature, the magnificence of the mountain peaks that frame the lake, crystal clear water, rare plants and wild animals – the views of this lake are truly mesmerizing. The lake itself has an elongated shape, covers an area of about 5 square kilometers, reaches a depth of 190 meters, and the total length of the coastline is about 20 kilometers.
In addition to the main name, the lake also has a second name – Barthalomeusee, received thanks to the Church of St. Bartholomew located on its western shore, which has already become the hallmark of the lake. Nearby you can also see the royal hunting castle and roe deer walking nearby.
In the northern part of the lake there is an island with a picturesque grotto and an organized bobsleigh track. In addition, there is a sculpture of St. John Nepomuk, who was called upon to protect this area from the dangers of the elements.
12. Stritzelmarkt (Dresden)
View of the famous traditional Christmas market on the central city square of Dresden
View of the Stritzelmarkt and the world's largest wooden Christmas pyramid
The oldest Christmas market in Germany, Striezelmarkt, is one of the most famous fairs in Europe, held annually during the Christmas period – from the end of November to December 24th. Every year, the Altmarkt square in the center of Dresden attracts millions of visitors to the fair, which has been held here since 1434, preserving all the traditions of the holiday.
What happens at the Striezelmarkt fair in these days of pre-holiday bustle? German craftsmen sell here their most diverse, unusual handicrafts, which confirm the highest level of their craftsmanship. All this magnificence is crowned by the Christmas tree, as well as the characters that have become national symbols of Christmas – this is a huge snowman, a miner, a prune man and a nutcracker.
Numerous treats are waiting for guests here – traditional Dresden stollen, donuts, Saxon curd makers , roasted chestnuts, chocolate figurines, sausages and kebabs, punch and mulled wine, and much more.
And, of course, the market offers a huge variety of souvenirs and Christmas decorations: Christmas pyramids, nativity scenes, candelabra, made for the holiday by the most skilled craftsmen.
Have you visited the Stritzelmarkt fair yet? Then you have something to visit in Germany during the Christmas period: do not miss a great opportunity to chat with friendly German people, participate in competitions and entertainment and plunge into the atmosphere of real winter magic.
13. Mainau Island of Flowers (south of Germany, Lake Baden)
Italian Stairs in Harke Mainau Island Park
View of the baroque palace of the former German Order on the island of Mainau böhringer friedrich
In the south of Germany, near the city of Konstanz, there is an amazingly beautiful place, as if descended from fairy-tale illustrations. This is one of the most beautiful and romantic sights in Germany – the island of flowers Mainau, which is a botanical garden with an area of 0.44 kilometers.
The history of this garden began in 1853, when King Frederick I made the island his residence. And it was thanks to the work of his court gardeners, who took care of these territories for 42 years, that the foundation of the future botanical garden was laid, with its gardens, alleys and magnificent collections of plants.
After the death of the king, the island became the property of the Duke of Baden, Frederick I, who began to improve these territories, turning them into a botanical garden. Thanks to his work, an arboretum and a rose garden were created. Later, with the settlement on the island of the heir to the Swedish throne, Lennard Bernadotte, Mainau turned into a real attraction. After all, Bernadotte personally engaged in the selection of different varieties of plants and the design of the garden itself.
Today, the territory of the garden in the warm season resembles a huge multi-colored carpet of flower variations characteristic of each particular month. So, with the onset of heat, they bloom in turn:
- orchids, tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocuses, snowdrops and other primroses; replaced by rhododendrons, peonies and camellias; in summer, a huge number of different varieties of flowers bloom, in a total of about 350 thousand; at the end of the warm season, October pleases with the beauty of dahlias.
Official website: http://www.mainau.de
14. Pergamon Museum (Berlin)
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museum in Berlin
Frieze from Mshatta at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin Raimond Spekking
It is unlikely that you will have a question about what to see in Germany if you travel around the country and find yourself on the world-famous Museum Island. The most visited of the museums – Pergamon – is located here. Among the famous exhibits of the museum are the Pergamon Altar, for which, in fact, the museum was founded, the Babylonian Ishtar Gate, the frieze from the Mshtattu Palace and the Procession Road.
The appearance of the Pergamon Museum was associated with the need to house the most valuable relic that arrived in Germany in the 1880s – a marble altar from the city of Pergamon. The huge altar was built in the 3rd century BC. in the kingdom of Pergamon and symbolized victory over enemies. Due to earthquakes, which were not uncommon in those days, the altar was destroyed and covered with earth. Only in 1878, the German engineer Karl Human, in the process of building roads, discovered the remains of the Pergamon altar in the ground, depicting the struggle of the gods and mythological heroes.
The Pergamon Museum, which housed this relic, was opened in 1901. Later, collections appeared here that we can see there now. These are three extensive collections covering a colossal period from the 6th century BC to the 19th century AD:
- a collection of ancient art; a collection of the art of Western Asia; collection of islamic art.
Official website: http://www.smb.museum
15. Hohenzollern Castle (50 km from Stuttgart)
Imperial Castle Hohenzollern
The amazingly beautiful Hohenzollern Castle, located in the Baden-Württemberg region, 50 km south of Stuttgart, is often called the “castle in the clouds”. An unusually beautiful building rises on the top of a mountain, surrounded by fogs and low clouds. And therefore, it looks more like a vision from a fairy tale than a real structure. No wonder Hohenzollern is considered one of the most beautiful sights in Germany.
Starting from the 11th century, the castle served as the residence of the royal dynasty of Hohenzollerns, who ruled Prussia in the Middle Ages. The castle building was repeatedly restored and restored, and the castle acquired its final form in the middle of the 19th century. At the base of the castle there are two chapels, a beer yard framed by a beautiful garden.
Today, tourists can walk both in the surroundings and make excursions in the premises of the castle. Inside, visitors will get acquainted with the history of the state in general, and the history of the Hohenzollerns in particular. You will get acquainted with the rich past of the castle while walking through the rooms, furnished with antique furniture, decorated with tapestries and artwork.
Approaching the castle, you will see it long before you arrive at the place. Numerous visitors, up to 300 thousand a year, highly appreciate the beauty and rich historical past of the castle.
Official website: http://www.burg-hohenzollern.com
16. Old Masters Gallery (Dresden)
One of the halls of the Dresden Hajotthu Art Gallery
The German city of Dresden is one of the sought-after tourist destinations, especially among artists and art lovers. Connoisseurs of art should definitely visit the city's wonderful establishments, which contain collections of world masterpieces. Among them is the Old Masters Gallery, otherwise known as the Dresden Picture Gallery, with creations that unite several centuries of world art. The beginning of its art collection was laid in the distant 16th century by the rulers of the Vetin family, and the gallery reached its greatest prosperity by the end of the 19th century, when the exposition accumulated 2.5 thousand paintings. Among the most famous works presented in the Dresden Gallery are Raphael's “Sistine Madonna”, Rubens' “Boar Hunt”, Dürer's “Portrait of a Young Man”, and a number of other famous creations.
Official site : https://www.skd.museum
17. Europa-Park (Rust)
Panorama of the largest amusement park “Europe Park” in Germany Thomas Maier
The status of the best attraction in Germany for children, perhaps, should be given to the largest amusement park in the country, the second most visited after Disneyland Paris – this is Europa-Park in the city of Rust. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it represents the national features and flavor of thirteen European countries. On the territory of 62 hectares there are about a hundred of the most amazing attractions: for example, in the Russian zone, the main trump card is the roller coaster and the idyllic picture of the Russian village, in the Italian zone – the Venetian carnival and Baroque palaces, in the French zone – the Eurosat attraction, which takes you to the night world of Paris , in Spanish – heroic battles of knights and flamenco dances. In addition to 13 “states”, there are 3 thematic zones here – the Land of the Vikings, the Kingdom of the Invisibles and the Enchanted Forest.
Official website: https://www.europapark.
18. Miniature Wonderland (Hamburg)
Museum building Miniature wonderland in Hamburg Gulp
Visitors in the Hamburg section of the Tobias Grosch Miniature Wonderland Museum
Once in Hamburg, it is impossible to miss the extraordinary museum, which presents the world's largest railway model. A miniature wonderland takes you to a mini-world of railroads stretching over cities and countries. The layout itself is a realistic copy of the terrain of such countries as Germany, America, Austria, Scandinavian countries. All elements are worked out to the smallest detail – people, traffic lights, lanterns, elements of metal structures, vegetation, change of time of day, landscape reliefs and much more. Miniature railways with the same small trains are laid across the entire area of the layout, which now and then run between cities and countries. The layout is planned to be expanded further, new countries will be added in the future.
Official website: https://www.miniatur
19. Monument to the Bremen Town Musicians ( Bremen)
Bronze statue of the Bremen Town Musicians on the Market Square in the center of Bremen
Monument to the Bremen Town Musicians near the building of the Bremen City Hall
The most recognizable monument of Bremen among citizens and tourists is the monument to the Bremen Town Musicians, dedicated to the characters of the famous fairy tale by the Brothers Grimm. A funny fairy tale once inspired one of the famous European sculptors, Gerhard Marx, to create a sculpture. And now the “company” of fairy-tale animals – a donkey, a dog, a cat and a rooster, flaunts in the very center of Bremen, on its Market Square. Local residents assure that it is enough to make a wish and rub the donkey's nose or hooves at the same time, and the wish will certainly come true. For a greater effect of realism, special sewer hatches function near the monument, which can “speak” with the voices of fairy-tale heroes, just throw a coin in the right place.
20. Kurhaus (Baden-Baden)
< /p> Kurhaus or spa house of Baden-Baden in the city park of Baden-Baden
Halls of the Casino Kurhaus in Baden-Baden
The most recognizable landmark of Baden-Baden is the world-famous Kurhaus, with an equally famous casino where the European nobility of the 19th century spent time. From the outside, the Kurhaus is a simple and at the same time elegant neoclassical building, surrounded by a green park. The interiors are decorated very magnificently, pompously, with an abundance of gilded decor. Concerts are regularly held here, because, along with the casino, the Kurhaus represents one of the most prestigious classical venues in Europe. On its stage, only classical works are performed, it is worth noting the amazing quality of performance and sound. And of course, an adult visitor over 21 years old can visit a casino where a dress code is observed – full dress is required at the entrance.
21. Frauenkirche (Dresden)
The Frauenkirche church on the Elbe embankment in the historic center of Dresden
The piggy bank of Dresden treasures is replenished with cultural sights of Germany of a religious orientation. These include one of the recognizable symbols of Dresden – the Lutheran Frauenkirche church in the historic district of the city. Considering the elegant baroque facade and the richest interior decoration with an abundance of gilding, it is hard to believe that during the Second World War the temple was badly destroyed by bombardments, and only in the 90s they began to restore it literally piece by piece – excavations were carried out, fragments of building materials were found, and along with with new building blocks, the old ones were used in the reconstruction. Solemnity prevails in the interior – it seems as if the walls themselves radiate radiance. The central place is occupied by a carved altar, above which a huge organ is installed.
Official website: https://www.frauenkirche
Heidelberg Castle on the northern slope of the Königstuhl mountain in the Neckar valley
Ruins of Heidelberg Castle – one of the oldest Germanic castles
Among the most valuable objects of medieval architecture is Heidelberg Castle, located on the slope of Mount Königshtul. It was erected at the beginning of the 14th century as the residence of the rulers of the Electoral Hall, on a hill, and to this day, like a mirage of the past, it hovers over modern city buildings. The difficult events of the centuries-old history did not allow to fully preserve the original plan of the architect, but even the dilapidated and ivy-covered walls of the castle today retain a special, mysterious atmosphere. Among the buildings of the castle, it is worth paying attention to several structures: one of the oldest buildings – Ruprechtsbau, the first palace of the Friedrichsbau castle, the Garden of Eden, which was supposed to be a copy of the Garden of Eden, as well as the basement where the world's largest wine barrel is stored.
Official website: https://www.schloss
23. Holstentor (Lübeck)
Medieval city gates with two massive round towers in Lübeck Glenn Strong
If we touch on the historical sights of Germany, the presentation should include another interesting monument in the city of Lübeck. This is Holstentor, the medieval gate of the city in the northwest of its historic district. They were erected back in the distant 15th century and were part of the system of fortifications of the city. The purpose of the defensive structures was to protect against the advance of the Danes, who at that time ruled in Holstein. Today, the gate is a symbol of Lübeck and is included in the world list of cultural heritage. Until the middle of the 19th century, the gate was a more extensive structure, which included a line of 4 consecutive structures. Later, most of the towers and walls were demolished, leaving the North and South towers and the central span connecting them.
24. Magdeburg Water Bridge (Magdeburg)
< img title="Germany attractions: Top 25" src="/wp-content/uploads/dostoprimechatelnosti-germanii-top-25-fedca14.jpg" alt="Germany attractions: Top 25" />
Magdeburg a water bridge connects the inner port of Berlin with the ports on the Rhine
A crossroads is quite a common occurrence in our daily life, but only if we are talking about a land crossroads. Much less common in the world are water crossings – aqueducts, and one of them is located in the city of Magdeburg. This is a kind of water bridge over the Elbe River, which performs the most important function – connecting the shipping channels of the region. The very idea of creating such a bridge arose at the beginning of the 20th century, when the first supports were put up, but the events of the Second World War prevented the implementation of the plan. After the war, when the country broke up into two republics, the construction plan was abandoned for decades, and only in the 90s, construction resumed, finally being completed by 2003. Along the bridge, in addition to the water crossing, there are footpaths from where you can watch the movement of barges.
25. Berchtesgaden National Park (Berchtesgaden district)
Summer landscape of the Berchtesgaden National Park in the Alps
Lake Königssee in the high mountain national park Berchtesgaden
Studying the sights of Germany on the map, you can see that in the German part of the Alps there are territories of the Berchtesgaden National Park. This is the only reserved place in the country, located in the mountains, but with its beauty it compensates for dozens of other natural objects. Mirrored turquoise lakes, alpine meadows, forested slopes, sheer cliffs against a bottomless blue sky – all the most beautiful things on earth are gathered in these lands. On an area of more than 200 sq. km, you can not only take a walk and enjoy the views, but also visit some interesting objects – for example, the deepest alpine lake Königsi in the Alps, the world-famous monastery of St. Bartholomew, Mount Jenner with beautiful views of the valleys, the mysterious Berchtesgaden salt mine. An extensive network of hiking trails has been laid throughout the reserve, passing through the most beautiful places in the park. Next to Germany is a country with an imperial history, mountain villages and an alpine landscape – Austria. Be sure to visit this country. Read about the sights of Austria and get inspired for your next trip to Europe!