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It will be interesting not only for those who are in love with this ancient country to get acquainted with interesting historical places in Ireland. The sights of Ireland are: luxurious parks, ruins of ancient castles, museums and modern buildings. All this captivates at first sight and does not allow you to leave the country without memorable photographs and wonderful impressions. If you came here for the first time and do not know what to see in Ireland, then we have compiled a list of the most interesting places in this country especially for you.
First things to see in Ireland
In progress exploring the sights, you will see that some of them make sense to explore with a guide. Guides in Ireland who know Russian are not uncommon, so there will be no problems with organizing an exciting and informative excursion. Without them, it will be more difficult to navigate and communicate with the locals.
1. Dublin Castle (Dublin)
Most tourists start exploring Ireland from the city of Dublin. The sights of Ireland in this city are numerous, and Dublin Castle is considered one of the most important.
This amazing historical monument was founded in 1204. It has been perfectly preserved to this day and is still the main castle of Ireland. Today it houses the government complex of buildings.
The reception of such high-ranking guests is a familiar task for this historic building. Over the years, over the many centuries of its existence, it housed the viceroys of the English crown in Ireland. The castle was their residence. For some time this was the residence of the king. In 1938, the President of Ireland, Hyde Douglas, chose this castle as the place of his residence.
Most of the buildings of the castle were destroyed over the long centuries of its existence. Many buildings were built in the XVII-XIX centuries. But here you can also see ancient walls built almost a thousand years ago. Despite the high government status, excursions are conducted around the territory of this architectural monument. The dungeon was chosen by connoisseurs of symphonic music due to its excellent acoustics.
Official website: http://www.dublincastle.ie/
2. Kells Abbey (Kells, County Meath)
Kells Abbey is one of the most famous abbeys in Ireland. It is included in the list of must-see places for those who are looking for what to see in Ireland, due to the good preservation of all its buildings. A large number of religious buildings were built on the territory of the country in different centuries, but a significant part of them have not survived to this day and were destroyed during the Viking raids. The Abbey of Kells has passed this fate, and its ancient walls have been preserved almost in the same form in which they were seen by the distant ancestors of the modern Irish.
It was in this abbey that the Book of Kells was created. This ancient literary work is now kept in Dublin at Trinity College.
It is also worth going to Kells in order to enjoy the amazing beauty of nature that surrounds Kells Abbey. Completely untouched corners have been preserved here, which perfectly frame the walls of the ancient structure. Once here, you can feel like a real time machine passenger.
3. St. Patrick's Cathedral (Dublin)
St. Patrick's Cathedral
The celebration of St. Patrick's Day has long become popular all over the world, but it is in Dublin that fans of this cheerful celebration, while seeing the sights of Ireland, can personally visit St. Patrick's Cathedral and feel the stories from his life.
This building was erected in 1192 and today is rightfully recognized as one of the best preserved buildings of those ancient years, not only in Ireland, but throughout Europe.
The site of the construction of the ancient cathedral was in those distant times the source of St. Patrick, which is located between two branches of the Poddle River. Today, the ancient St. Patrick's Cathedral is known not just as an ancient church building. It became in 1192 the cathedral church of this city thanks to the archbishop of Dublin, John Comyn. Due to this, groups of church buildings were formed around the cathedral for many centuries. This is also where the archbishop's house is located. A visit to the territory of the Cathedral allows you to get acquainted with all the features of architecture over many years.
The Cathedral experienced moments of rise and oblivion over the centuries of its life. Today it has again become one of the leading government and church buildings in Dublin. A Memorial Day ceremony is held here every year. Many holidays held on the territory of the Cathedral are visited personally by the president.
Official website: https://www.stpatrickscathedral.ie/
4. Caer Castle (Care)
Large, impenetrable castle Caer
The courtyard of the castle of Care in the county of Trippeary
It is difficult to imagine the sights of Ireland without the beautiful and exquisite castle of Caire. It is located right in the center of the Suir River, which flows through the territory of the city of Caer in South Tipperary. The uniqueness of this architectural monument lies in the fact that it is recognized as the most impregnable and best preserved castle in Ireland. It was built in the XII century.
The first stone fortress on the site of the future location was erected in 1142. The castle received its modern name in 1375, when King Edward the Third transferred this monumental building into the possession of James Butler, who received the title of Baron Keir. Butler received such a luxurious gift for loyalty to the crown. The impregnability of the castle lies in the secret of its location in the middle of the river. But it was preserved for another reason – the owners of the castle always preferred to surrender without a fight.
One of the most memorable places in the castle is the miniature “The Capture of Care Castle in 1599”. This miniature consists of 1000 figures of soldiers. Now this building has become a real “TV star”. In recent years, films such as Excalibur, Barry Lindton, Danish Darkness, which tells about the sword of King Arthur, have been filmed on its territory.
Official website: http: //www.heritageireland.ie/en/south-east/cahircastle/
5. Christ Cathedral (Dublin)
Christ Cathedral in Dublin
Examining the many sights of Ireland, every traveler should definitely visit the Cathedral of Christ in Dublin. This ancient cathedral is the main one in the city. Its foundation dates back to 1031. The founder of the cathedral was personally the legendary king of the Vikings Sitrig. On excursions in Dublin, they will definitely tell you that the Cathedral of Christ in Dublin is the patrimony of both the Anglican and the Catholic archbishops.
On the territory of the Cathedral it will be interesting for every visitor. History lovers will be happy to enjoy its ancient monuments, for example, visit the ruins of the priest's house dating back to the 13th century, visit the territory of the tomb of the Knight Strongbow, which painstakingly depicts a complete set of knightly weapons of the early Middle Ages. The embalmed heart of this saint has been kept in the chapel of St. Lawrence since the 13th century. The ceramic tiles in the chapel have also been preserved from that time.
Admirers of modern trends in art are attracted to the cathedral by the opportunity to see the mummies of a cat and a rat. They became mummies after being locked in an organ about three hundred years ago. These exhibits were removed from the organ during the last reconstruction in 1860.
Official website: http://christchurchcathedral.ie/
Feel the atmosphere of Ireland in this beautiful video!
6. Powerscourt Manor, Eneskerry
Pegasus by Lake Triton at Powerscourt Estate
Located in County Wicklow, the famous Powerscourt Estate is surrounded by a luxurious park where you can relax from the noise of the city and enjoy the coolness of the gardens. A lot of greenery, neat lawns and flower beds, ponds and fountains, bridges and statues located in the most unexpected places – all this amazes the city dweller with its splendor and peace. Here it breathes with peace.
The building was laid back in the 13th century by a Frenchman named Power, from where the name of the estate came from. Nearly four hundred years later, it came into the possession of Sir Wingfield as a reward for military achievement. Later, the building was redesigned and acquired a modern, classic Irish look already in the middle of the 18th century. And one young viscount set a goal to create the best park in Ireland around it, which was done.
In addition to the main building itself, there is a golf club, a luxurious Ritz Carlton hotel. Tourists will be interested to look at the “pepper pot” tower, which was built on the occasion of the visit of the Prince of Wales and is an exact copy of the pepper pot from his service.
Official website: http://powerscourt.com/
7. Castle Rock of Cashel (County Tipperary, Cashel)
Former residence of the Kings of Ireland, Castle Rock of Cashel
The sights of Ireland will not be complete without the incredible beauty of Cashel Castle, which in the past was a royal residence. It was also one of the many religious centers. What is interesting about this historical monument?
The first mention of the castle dates back to the 4th century AD. Then it was a fortification, which was built at a height of sixty meters. Until 1101, the Munster kings lived there. Then the building was granted to the church and became the residence of the archbishop.
In 1647, Cashel and its suburbs were practically destroyed. Until now, the castle has been preserved without a roof. In appearance (when viewed from above) it looks like a cross. The building has a high tower (28 m). This is the most famous part of the complex. In addition to it, you can see a transept (architectural object) with amazingly beautiful windows, two small chapels and burial places of archbishops.
The facade was decorated with arches, cornices, animal figures, etc. Inside, you can see wall paintings that were discovered in the 1980s of the last century. Cashel Castle is an amazing opportunity to touch the history, architecture and culture of the past at the same time.
Official website: http://www.heritageireland.ie/en/south-east/rockofcashel/
8. Muckross House, County Kerry, Killarney
Muckross House Estate Museum
Muckross House Museum-Estate is a mansion 6 km from the city of Killarney, built in the middle of the 19th century according to the design of the Scottish architect Bern. Now it is one of the important sights of Ireland. The mansion is located on a peninsula formed by the Loch Lane and Macross lakes.
The manor has been open to the public since the sixties of the last century. Due to the fact that the building passed from one owner to another, and then was empty for a long time, serious damage occurred. Restoration to the form it is now took more than one year.
Flora lovers will definitely enjoy the Macross House garden. For several months (from April to July) luxurious rhododendrons bloom here. Also on the estate grow trees imported from other countries, including from the southern hemisphere. The garden belongs to Killarney National Park.
Very close to the museum there is a farm that reflects the life and daily work of the Irish villagers of the beginning of the last century. You can visit a cottage, a smithy, a carpentry workshop. Every year, this farm hosts a festival for younger students.
Official website: http://www.muckross-house.ie/
9. Sanctuary « Newgrange, Dublin
Aerial view of the Newgrange Megalithic Place in Ireland Ron Cogswell
Entrance to Newgrange Sanctuary in Dublin
Newgrange Sanctuary is part of the Bru na Boine complex. This amazing building is the most popular place to visit among tourists.
Newgrange is a monument of hoary antiquity. According to scientists, it appeared almost 5,000 years ago. The sanctuary is simply amazing in its size:
- height 13.5 m; diameter – 85 m.
In the past, it was an important part of the religious and spiritual life of people. Various rituals and ceremonies were held there. Now it attracts travelers, researchers, historians. Even the most sophisticated tourists will find a lot of surprises for themselves.
“Newgrange”, like some other sights of Ireland, is on the UNESCO heritage list. A visit to the sanctuary will allow you not only to plunge headlong into Irish history, but also to get acquainted with the architecture and culture of the country. For example, to find out that the building was built using a unique, unlike other technology, or the fact that it was intended to worship the god Dagda.
So, what to see in Ireland? Be sure to go to the Newgrange sanctuary, a visit to which will give a lot of impressions.
10. National Leprechaun Museum (Dublin)
Dublin Leprechaun Museum
The National Leprechaun Museum was specially created in Dublin in 2003 to commemorate the unique identity of this country. Now the sights of Ireland without this museum is impossible to imagine. The entire exposition is dedicated to funny and friendly relatives of elves and fairies living in Ireland. Here, a leprechaun comes to each visitor, bringing a pot of gold.
Among the exhibits of this institution is a real rainbow, in full accordance with the legends, showing where the treasure with gold is located. On the territory of the museum there is a room of this fabulous creature, in which the visitor finds himself surrounded by furniture three times larger than the usual furnishings at home. This is how, from the point of view of the authors, our furnishings look through the eyes of fabulous leprechauns. The guests of the museum understand how these little men see our world, how difficult it is for them to live in the big world of people.
The guides will tell you how the meetings of fairy-tale creatures with people took place in different centuries. After the walk, each visitor will receive a portrait of his personal leprechaun. The souvenir shops sell funny souvenirs in the form of cute fairy-tale creatures in green costumes.
Official website: http://www.leprechaunmuseum.ie/
Sights of Ireland: what else to visit while in Ireland
The number of companies that offer excursions in Ireland is very large, but sometimes it can be difficult to understand where you would really like to go. We have created this list so that you can make an informed decision and go abroad for a weekend or vacation with the clear confidence that your vacation will be enjoyable.
11. Guinness Beer Museum (Dublin)
Guinness Beer Museum at the existing brewery
Ireland is famous for its legendary alcoholic beverages. When choosing what to visit in Ireland, you should go to the Guinness beer museum in Dublin.
The museum is open at the operating brewery. Visitors will be told in detail how one of the best types of beer in the world is brewed. Here you can try a fresh drink made at the legendary production. There are several separate rooms on the territory of the institution. Including the legendary “Gravity”, which offers a magnificent panoramic view of Dublin from a bird's eye view.
Another iconic place in the museum is the hall on the 4th floor. Here visitors are waiting for “Guinness Ambassadors”. Their main task is to teach all the secrets of drinking the legendary pint of this foamy drink.
Getting here is quite difficult. As a rule, there is a long queue at the entrance. The number of visitors per year exceeds 700,000 people. You can book your hike in advance by purchasing tickets on the official website of the museum. The museum experiences the largest influx of visitors on St. Patrick's Day.
Official website: https://www.guinness-storehouse.com/en
12. Bunratty Castle (County Clare)
Ireland's defensive fortress Bunratty Castle
Ancient Bunratty Castle was founded in the 13th century on the site of a former camp of Viking merchants. The stone castle was built by Edouard de Claire. But a few decades later, both the castle and the city nearby were completely destroyed during the war. In the first half of the 15th century, Bunratty Castle was rebuilt and given a modern look.
Now tourists can walk around the castle in the Folk Park, where there are traditional Irish buildings, a shop, post office, workshops, etc., as well as take a trip to the Middle Ages and get to the feast in the Banquet Hall of Bunratty Castle. Forks and knives are not served at the feast – they were not yet used in the Middle Ages, so you have to eat with your hands. And to wipe your hands, you can use a huge napkin, which is tied around the tourist's neck. All dishes are served by servants in the clothes of those times. Recipes, by the way, are also medieval.
The castle houses one of the best collections of antique furniture in the country, as well as luxurious tapestries. All exhibits depicting the life of the people of Bunratty at that time are provided with detailed descriptions.
13. Killarney National Park (County Kerry)
Killarney Unique Reserve Lake
Travelers, exploring the many sights of Ireland, unanimously recognize the Killarney National Park as the most beautiful place.
Killarney National Park, on the shores of the lakes of the same name, was founded in 1932. Unique natural conditions are preserved here. As many as 10 thousand hectares, on which the park is located, are occupied by moors, gardens and forests. Most of it is located in mountainous areas. On the territory of the park, a traveler can meet a red deer, a squirrel, a marten. Eagle owls, white-fronted geese, peregrine falcons and falcons live here. All the inhabitants of the park live in natural conditions.
Ros Castle, built in the 15th century, is the family nest of the O’Donahue-Ros clan.
Walking through the territory of Killarney National Park, you can visit the small town of the same name. Only about 15 thousand people live here permanently, but due to the large number of tourists, the place can hardly be called abandoned. Killarney is one of the most popular wedding destinations in Europe. It is not surprising that a porch covered with roses is specially attached to each house.
Official website: http://www.killarneynationalpark.ie
14. Museum- Jameson Distillery, Dublin
The main entrance to the Jameson Irish Whiskey Museum in Dublin Gpelogia
Almost everyone knows the name of the legendary Jameson whiskey. This strong drink is so popular that the sights of Ireland include the real distillery of John Jameson in Dublin's Smithfield district. It has been a museum for a long time.
The founder of the distillery, John Jameson, was born in Dublin in 1740. At the age of forty, he founded his first personal distillery. It was at that time that the hot drink received the motto “Without Fear”, which has survived to this day. The business was continued by the descendants of the founder of the distillery. Fast enough venture John Jameson & Son has become one of the most successful whiskeys in the country, and this type of whiskey is loved by buyers all over the world.
For this reason, when planning what to see in Ireland during your travel days, you should definitely consider a visit to Dublin and a visit to the distillery museum. Whiskey production is not carried out on its territory today. The surroundings of the production of the XVIII-XIX centuries are preserved here. A specially created documentary film will tell about the history of the plant. All visitors are invited to an interesting tour, during which they will be offered to taste numerous varieties of the legendary Irish amber drink.
Official website: https://www.jamesonwhiskey.com
15. Glendalough, County Wicklow
Carved stone cross in the valley of Glendalough
The green valley of Glendalough, formed by a prehistoric glacier, became a refuge for a monk – St. Kevin in the sixth century. Here, together with other monks, he built a small monastery, where, in addition to the church, there were:
- a room for copying books; Round Tower; hospital; guest houses; outbuildings.
Residential houses of the laity were built around. The monastery operated until the thirteenth century. Then it was destroyed by the troops of England. Now there is a tourist center here. It will be interesting for guests to see the ancient double stone gates, the cross inscribed on the wall near the gate, which is now considered probably the most ancient symbol of Christians. Beautiful photos are obtained near a thirty-meter round tower, which has an entrance at a height of about two human heights and windows on all four cardinal points. It is assumed that observation was carried out from this tower. There is a small cemetery near the church of St. Kevin, where monks and local rich people were buried. The nature here is very quiet, beautiful and peaceful. A lot of greenery and fresh air, which is so lacking for a sophisticated tourist.
Official website: http://www.glendalough.ie/
16. Castle Blarney, County Cork
Ruins of ancient Blarney Castle in County Cork
Blarney Castle, located in the south of Ireland, fully corresponds to the ideas of the castles of the Middle Ages – located on a hill, it has underground passages, and there is a small lake nearby. But many tourists are attracted not so much by this as by a special “stone of eloquence”, which turned out to be here as a result of some historical events. Many visitors to the castle go through an unusual ritual – leaning over and kissing this sacred stone in the wall. According to this tradition of Ireland, anyone acquires the gift of eloquence, only by touching his lips. The legend has been living for 5 centuries, originating in the era of the reign of Elizabeth I. For many years, these lands were owned by the McCarthy family, and during the Battle of Bannockburn, the King of Munster, Cormac McCarthy, sent 4,000 of his subjects to help the King of Scotland to take part in the battles. After the victory, the Scottish monarch presented Cormac with half of the Skoon Stone, on which kings have been crowned for many centuries.
Official website: https://blarneycastle
17. Skellig- Michael, County Kerry
View from the sea on a steep rocky cliff island – Skellig Michael Jerzy Strzelecki
The ruins of ancient buildings on the “Rock of the Archangel Michael” in the Atlantic Ocean Stinglehammer
Sailing west from the coast of County Kerry, after 15 kilometers, travelers will meet a rocky island, the shores of which look like a petrified ocean wave. This is Skellig Michael, or Michael's rock – apparently, it is named after the Archangel Michael, glorified in Christianity thanks to the victory over the devil, who turned into a dragon. It is hard to imagine that for 6 centuries this stone island was inhabited – at the end of the 6th century, a monastery was built from the rock fragments on the very top of the cliff – the monastic cells miraculously kept on the rocky walls. Monastic life flowed here until the 12th century, when a series of strong hurricanes forced the hermits to leave their inhabited places. Since the 16th century, a string of pilgrims has rushed to this region, and in the last century, large-scale restoration work began in the monastery, after which Skelling Michael began to exist as a pilgrimage center and an important nature reserve.
The busiest pedestrian and shopping street in Dublin dahon
Grafston Street, which runs from St. Stephen's Park to Trinity College, is one of Dublin's most fashionable and prestigious streets. Back in the Victorian era, this narrow pedestrian street was the mecca of Irish shopping, and today, each of the elegant establishments along Grafton Street houses a prestigious boutique or restaurant, and street performers are everywhere. Walking along the street, you should pay attention to nearby attractions. Trinity College is one of the oldest operating universities in the world, founded in the 16th century and has a huge library. Park of St. Stefan's is an amazingly peaceful place, a corner of silence in the heart of Dublin. In addition, Grafston Street boasts the most recognizable monument in the city dedicated to Molly Mallow, the heroine of one of the urban legends, according to which the girl traded on the city streets and died of a fever.
19. St. Stevens Park Green (Dublin)
Aerial view of St Stephen's Green in central Dublin during Indian summer dronepicr
At the beginning of spring, the Irish island comes to life after hibernation. Ireland begins to turn green and bloom in spring, and the leaden clouds are replaced by the gentle sun – it's time to arm yourself with a camera and head to some park – for example, to St. Stephen's Green. This is one of the most popular spring holiday destinations among locals, as well as a well-known landmark among visitors to the city. The park appeared on this site back in the Victorian era, and until now, 3.5 kilometers of walking alleys surrounded by well-groomed greenery give vacationers precious moments of peace and unity with nature. The park acquired its current appearance at the end of the 19th century, when a fountain was created on the landscaped area, flower beds were arranged, and trees were planted. Many Dubliners come here for a lunch break during the working day, and for families this is a great place to relax and have fun – for example, here you can feed the ducks, watch regular concerts, visit the children's playground or just take romantic walks.
Official website: http://www.heritageireland
20. Kilkenny Castle (Kilkenny)
Visitors to the 12th-century Kilkenny Castle in the Irish town of Kilkenny on the banks of the Aldebaran River Nore
Kilkenny is an old and in its own way charming city that eastern Ireland is famous for. Here, each building keeps its own history, but the medieval castle of Kilkenny is especially interesting – the most visited tourist site in the city. It was founded in the 12th century and to this day is a fine example of Norman architecture. The stone fortification, erected on the very top of a hill above the River Nore, was the residence of the Butler family for 6 centuries, was repeatedly besieged, destroyed and rebuilt again, until extensive reconstruction was carried out here in the 19th century. The castle has long lost its original appearance, although the remains of the fortress walls, moat and 3 towers still survived from the very moment of foundation. Today, an art exhibition with paintings by English and Irish artists is open inside the castle, and archaeological excavations are underway in the surrounding areas.
Official website: http://kilkennycastle
21. Shop Street (Galway)
Huge selection of shops for shoppers on Shop Street in Galway
People come to Ireland not only for walks in the castles of the Middle Ages and entertainment in pubs, but also for productive shopping. So, Shop Street in Galway is an ideal option for what to see in Ireland in winter and not freeze in the January cold. Galway's main shopping street is a wonderful place with a unique atmosphere, luxurious old buildings and numerous shops where you can find and buy everything your heart desires. Most outlets are located either along Shop Street or on adjacent pedestrian streets. In addition to small retail shops, there was also a place for large shopping centers – for example, the modern Square Center is hidden behind the old facades, and on the adjacent Headford Road you can visit the largest Galway Shopping Center in western Ireland. Among the variety of goods, it is worth highlighting things that can only be found here – for example, Aran sweaters, local whiskey, honey wine, Irish cheese and tea, and crystal Irish souvenirs.
22. Temple Bar (Dublin) )
One of the oldest pubs in Temple Bar, Dublin Svein-Magne Tunli – tunliweb.no
Probably, not a single tourist route in Ireland is complete without a visit to Temple Bar – one of the oldest and most emblematic districts of Dublin, where, like many centuries ago, city life is in full swing. Historically, this area was formed in the 14th century, but its current appearance was formed several centuries later. In the 17th and 18th centuries, these lands were given into the possession of wealthy families, and in the last century an organization was created responsible for preserving the appearance of the historic district. In the 90s, its dilapidated old buildings underwent a thorough restoration, and now Temple Bar has become a popular tourist destination in Dublin with many museums, boutiques and art galleries. Street performers, musicians constantly perform here, fire lords and other fans of extreme sports demonstrate their dexterity and skill. On weekends, the area's central square hosts a book market and flea markets set up in the narrow lanes.
23. Kinsale, County Cork
Cityscape of the small seaside town of Kinsale in Ireland Shadowgate
Almost all small Irish towns are very similar to each other – unusual colorful houses of 2-3 floors alternate with small shops and pubs, and the streets are buried in greenery and flowers. But even against the backdrop of these cozy colored cities, bright-rainbow Kinsale stands out, which is famous not only for its multi-colored facades, but also for more than a thousand years of history – the Celts, Vikings, and Normans lived here at different times. One of the oldest buildings, the Church of St. Malta, was erected in the 12th century by the Normans on the foundation, preserved from the Celtic era. Another historical and architectural monument is the 16th century Desmond Castle, originally built as a customs house, but later converted into a military prison, and after a while the International Museum of Winemaking settled in it. Today, Kinsale is also the gastronomic capital of Ireland, known for its large concentration of restaurants and the Gourmet food festival.
24. Ring of Kerry (County Kerry)
Landscape of the Ring of Kerry on the Iveragh Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland Dionysos~commonswiki
O'Sullivan Falls in Killarney National Park on the Ring of Kerry route Phil Armitage
One of the most famous tourist routes in Ireland, passing through the territory of County Kerry, along the picturesque coast of the Iverach Peninsula. The length of the route is 166 kilometers. On the way, tourists will find many interesting natural, historical and cultural attractions: several castles, the Black Valley, a waterfall, a medieval church, a monastery, a Druid ring and much more. The Ring of Kerry is accessible by car, bus, bike, and there are trails for hikers.
25. Giant's Road
Road of the Giants or Bridge of the Giants on the Causeway Coast in Northern Ireland code poet
Northern Ireland is considered the smallest region of the United British Kingdom in terms of size, but by no means in importance. The sights of northern Ireland are ancient castles, numerous historical museums, picturesque landscapes and friendly people. What should a tourist visit this amazing region for the first time? See the sights of Belfast, visit a distillery and drink a noble drink, and of course, see with your own eyes the mysterious Giant's Road – an unusual path of thousands of giant connected basalt columns formed about 60 million years ago after a volcanic eruption. It is the tops of the columns that form a kind of road that starts at the foot of the rocks and disappears into the sea. Most of these columns are hexagonal in shape, although some have 4 to 8 corners – according to legend, giants once walked along this path.
Official website: https://www.nationaltrus